May 2, 2023 0 Comments

Planning and maintaining control over projected expenditures is necessary for cost management in construction projects. This is relevant to all the project's knowledge domains. Actual expenditures are proportional to work completed; however, completed

April 30, 2023 0 Comments

Appraising transport business cases solely from the Value for Money (VFM) framework, without considering social value criteria, can lead to several disadvantages for rural areas. Some of these disadvantages are:Neglecting the social impact:

April 30, 2023 0 Comments

The 4Es model is a framework that can be used to evaluate public sector projects' Value for Money (VFM). The 4Es stand for Economy, Efficiency, Effectiveness, and Equity. Each of these elements can

April 30, 2023 0 Comments

The International Guide to Developing the Programme Business Case provides a comprehensive overview of the key elements of developing a project business case. It is designed to help project sponsors, executives, and other

April 30, 2023 0 Comments

" The Green Book outlines the principles of appraisal and evaluation, the overarching policy framework, generating options and longlist appraisal, shortlist options appraisal, and valuation of costs and benefits. It also includes non-market

April 30, 2023 0 Comments

The Better Business Cases (BBC) approach is an internationally recognised best practice for developing a business case. This podcast outlines the key steps in the process and guides using the Five Case Model,

October 3, 2022 0 Comments

Introduction Technologies are progressing rapidly, and there is a consequent lack of current components and devices, requiring industries to continuously update and modify current technologies to ensure their long-term use. As a result,

September 10, 2022 0 Comments

Purpose of cost management In light of these issues, this study aimed to shed light on the current costing practice and CW in the UK construction industry to build a framework that would

April 16, 2022 0 Comments

Leadership Approach in Civil Engineering Project Management To well manage construction projects, it is essential to have information on modern management and develop a clear understanding of the construction and Leadership Approach. Construction

April 15, 2022 0 Comments

Abandoned Railway Tracks These are the railway tracks that have not been in usage for a long time due to certain reasons, we can say these abandoned railways are disused railway tracks or

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